Born in Moscow, raised abroad, in 2006 joined an anti-Putin movement. Conducted an independent investigation into the Moscow theatre siege, as well as anti-corruption investigations; member of Political Council of the oppositional party “Parnas”. Faced criminal politically motivated charges twice, as well as a devastating smear campaign.

Initiated and currently running Transitional Justice for Russia Initiative.

Was recently given a “foreign agent” status by the Russian authorities.

Member of the Council of the Free Russia Forum.